In many places, the waves reached as far as 2 km (1.2 mi) inland. Because the 1,600 km (1,000 mi) fault affected by the earthquake was in a nearly north–south orientation, the greatest strength of the tsunami waves was in an east–west direction.
How far did the Boxing Day tsunami travel inland?
Tsunamis reached 20m in height at landfall in parts of Aceh. In other locations they spread 3 km inland carrying debris and salt water with them. The retreating waters eroded whole shorelines.
How far inland can a tsunami travel?
Tsunamis can travel as far as 10 miles (16 km) inland, depending on the shape and slope of the shoreline. Hurricanes also drive the sea miles inward, putting people at risk. But even hurricane veterans may ignore orders to evacuate.
How much water did the Boxing Day tsunami displace?
Scientists say the earthquake was the third-biggest ever recorded, lasting up to 10 minutes and causing the Earth to vibrate up to one centimetre. It also displaced an estimated 30 cubic kilometres of water, unleashing a massive tsunami across the Indian Ocean.
How fast was the Boxing Day tsunami?
The tsunami’s waves traveled across the Indian Ocean at 500 mph, the speed of a jet plane. The 2004 Indonesia earthquake caused a shift in the Earth’s mass that changed the planet’s rotation. Total material losses from the tsunami were estimated at $10 million.
How much did the Boxing Day tsunami cost?
The Boxing Day tsunami of 2004 is the deadliest and most destructive tsunami in recorded history, claiming the lives of over 230,000 people in 14 different countries and damaging over 14 billion US dollars worth of property.
How far inland would a 1000 Ft tsunami go?
Tsunami waves can continously flood or inundate low lying coastal areas for hours. Flooding can extend inland by 300 meters (~1000 feet) or more, covering large expanses of land with water and debris.
How far inland did the biggest tsunami go?
1936: Lituya Bay, Alaska The maximum inundation distance was 610 metres (2,000 ft) inland along the north shore of the bay.
How far inland would a 200 foot tsunami travel?
However, while there is no indication it could happen soon (but could), there are scientifically sound reasons for concern that at some point a mega-tsunami could engulf the entire East Coast with a wave almost 200 feet high sweeping everything and everybody up to 20 miles inland.
How many were injured in the Boxing Day tsunami?
Nearly 2,000 of the dead were on the Queen of the Sea holiday train destroyed by the tsunami. One and a half million people were displaced from their homes, and many orphaned or separated from their families. The Thai government reports 5,395 confirmed deaths, 8,457 injuries and 2,817 missing on 20 June 2005.
Where did the Boxing Day tsunami take place?
The results of these efforts are remarkable. Within five years, individuals were back in homes they owned, often on their original land, in communities with new schools and in many cases improved infrastructure.
How tall were the largest waves that struck the coastlines?
Some locations reported that the waves had reached a height of 30 feet (9 metres) or more when they hit the shoreline. The tsunami killed at least 225,000 people across a dozen countries, with Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand sustaining massive damage.
Why was the Boxing Day tsunami so devastating?
On Sunday, December 26, 2004 The Boxing Day tsunami caused by the Indian plate going beneath the Burma plate would cause the deadliest in recorded history, taking around 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. USGS estimated the earthquake released the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs.
What was the worst tsunami in world history?
The most devastating and deadliest tsunami was one in the Indian Ocean on Boxing Day, 2004. The tsunami was the most lethal ever to have occurred, with a death toll that reached a staggering figure of over 230,000, affecting people in 14 countries – with Indonesia hit worst, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand.